swiss cheese slices with a family and covid 19 virus image
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Swiss Cheese Model for COVID-19

The Swiss Cheese Model for COVID 19 is an excellent mental tool to visualize COVID 19 prevention strategies at the system level, bird’s eye view. First, about the Swiss Cheese Model. As emphasized by James Reason, the model’s creator, it invites us to view human errors as a consequence, not…

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Face mask comparison

Germany mandated the wearing of surgical masks, commonly called N95 while traveling public transport and public places two days ago. Previously clinical studies have shown cloth masks’ efficacy varies from 30 percent to 80 percent. Last December, a German community-based comparative study found normal masks’ efficacy as 45 percent. The…

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COVID 19 Crisis Communication Surveillance Questionnaire

The crisis communication is challenging in this pandemic. The entire world is fighting against an invisible virus for its own survival at the moment. The surveillance of communication strategies in this crisis situation is important and crucial as much as the surveillance of the virus spread. The following brief 10-item…

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Theories of reasoned action and planned behavior

Can we change behavior by changing attitudes towards the behavior of concern? Not really, contrary to the popular belief. The connection between attitude and behavior is not straightforward. In the 1960s, Fishbein and Ajzen concluded it by reviewing research published to that date. They developed a theory to explain the…

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Can we compare “mental health” of “foreign-born immigrants” with “Canadians” using one question?

I read a very interesting research paper published by Bukola Salami and her team in the Canadian Journal of Public Health in 2017.  This paper is based on the responses to the following questions of the Canadian Health Measures Survey. The questions are as follows; In general, would you say your mental…

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How to write a good goal and SMART objectives

We write goals and objectives not only in our academic and professional lives but in our daily lives too. Sometimes, I have come across situations in differentiating the two.  While I was browsing on this, I found an excellent tutorial and an infographic with a simple checklist the CDC website. I am…

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