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Posted in upstream vs downstream

Health inequalities and upstream public health

The upstream-downstream metaphor helps public health practitioners to choose cost-effective public health interventions. This post curate peer-reviewed articles of which the main focus is the upstream-downstream” metaphor. 1. The upstream versus downstream metaphor to reduce health inequalities In this article Naoimh, E. McMahon reviews literature published until June 2020 to…

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Dark blue tortuous lines tapering upward with a blue boar with its upper part
Posted in health promotion upstream vs downstream

What is upstream vs downstream in public health?

Those who know public health know Prof. Irving Zola‘s “upstream vs downstream” parable. Irving Zola is a medical sociologist. His friend, John McKinlay, describes Zola’s parable in his 2019 article titled “A case for re-focusing upstream: The political economy of illness”1. The “Upstream boat” sails through this upstream path. Following…

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